Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Cardiovascular diseases are a group of heart and vascular disorders that include coronary heart disease, congenital heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is characterized by the narrowing of arteries that supply heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood, resulting in increased risk for angina (severe chest pain) and heart attack. If left untreated, coronary heart disease can progress to irregular heartbeat (arrhythmias) and heart failure.
Cardiovascular Risk Factors
Omega 3 Fatty Acid Deficiency: Scientific and clinical studies have shown that patients with cardiovascular health issues are deficient in Omega 3 fatty acids and are at greater risk for sudden cardiac death*. VASCAZENTM is a high purity (>90%) prescription formulation of Omega 3 (EPA/DHA) for the dietary management of Omega 3 fatty acid deficiency in patients with cardiovascular disease.
Cholesterol: Elevated “bad cholesterol”, or LDL cholesterol contributes to buildup of cholesterol in arteries. “Good cholesterol”, or HDL cholesterol aids in removal of cholesterol from the body and transports it to the liver. High HDL cholesterol lowers the risk for developing CHD.
High Triglycerides Levels: High triglycerides is a sign of metabolic abnormalities and is an indicator for potential to develop CHD.
High Blood Pressure: Blood pressure greater than 139/90 for a prolonged period of time can be damaging to blood vessels, and contribute to coronary artery inflammation, and narrowing.
Insulin Resistance & Diabetes: Insulin resistance is a condition wherein the body’s own insulin does not function adequately, eventually leading to Diabetes, an inability to regulate glucose metabolism. High blood glucose levels can be damaging to arteries.
Obesity: Excessive body weight and lack of exercise increase the risk of developing CHD, as well as Diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for multiple diseases and disorders, including CHD.
Progression and Sudden Cardiac Death
Damage to coronary arteries initiates an inflammatory response to injury, leading to plaque buildup, reduced blood flow, clotting and eventual heart attack. Sudden cardiac death refers to an acute cardiac event, leading to death within 30 minutes of symptoms.